The current GOST 24856-2014 defines the fittings of pipeline systems as a technical element used to control the movement and flow of the transported medium. This is done by changing the area of the internal cross-section or the direction of the passage channel. In this case, the concept of control implies closing, opening, convergence, divergence, adjustment and external distribution.
Water-proof glasses, air vents, filters, sumpers, revisions, hatches, plugs and other similar products do not belong to this category. They do not perform flow control, but perform other functions. Therefore, they should be called the technical term – special devices.
Fittings installed on pipelines and equipment are classified according to the following main features:
In addition, the Interstate Standard also contains more than 50 classification features.
Various grades of steel, cast iron, non-ferrous metal alloys, plastics are used in the manufacture of fittings. Rubber, rubber, paronite, stuffing boxes, polymers and sealants are used as sealing materials. To protect against corrosion, all external surfaces are painted with two layers of paint on the ground or have another coating resistant to external influences.
The choice of materials for manufacturing depends on the parameters of operation, purpose and level of requirements for reliability and durability. Stainless and high-alloy steels are used to work in difficult conditions. Also, parts made of polymer compounds differ in the long duration of work. They are cheaper, but significantly inferior to stainless steel in terms of operating temperature and pressure ranges.
When ordering pipe fittings, it is necessary to determine the working functionality of the desired device and its operating conditions. This will help you avoid mistakes and unnecessary financial costs. A qualified manager will always be able to find the optimal solution to your task.